A malocclusion is an abnormal alignment your teeth, jaw or bad bite. It can develop when the upper and lower teeth don’t fit symmetrically. If left untreated, it can lead to health problems.
There are 10 types of Malocclusion
1. Open bite
An open bite is where the front teeth don’t overlap the lower teeth. An open bite affecting the front teeth is known as an anterior open bite.
An overbite is the overlapping of your lower front teeth. In some cases an increased overbite can cause your front teeth to bite down onto your gums.
The most common reason for orthodontic treatment among adults is overcrowding. It is generally caused by a lack of oral space which results in crooked, overlapping teeth.
An overjet is when your top teeth extend past your bottom teeth horizontally. Protruding teeth can risk damage and cause problems with eating and speech.
5. Impacted tooth
An impacted tooth is one that’s unable to surface through the gum normally. Treatments include removing the tooth, or exposing it so that a brace can be fitted.
6. Missing tooth
Missing teeth, or hypodontia, can occur as a result of oral trauma or the teeth not developing properly.
A crossbite is when your upper teeth bite inside your lower teeth. In can happen on one or both sides of your jaw and it can affect your front or back teeth.
An anterior crossbite occurs when the lower teeth extend outward farther than the upper front teeth.
Spacing can occur between two or more teeth. Some of the causes can include tongue thrusting, missing teeth, small teeth and thumb sucking.
A diastema is a space between two teeth, usually the front teeth.
Your dentist will recommend a treatment based on the severity of your bite, the degree of dental misalignment and your desired results. For questions or to schedule an appointment to see if you or your child has a malocclusion, call the Tehachapi dental office of Jose David Sanchez at tel:(661) 822-3727.